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List of Oral Diabetic Medication for Diabetes

List of Oral Diabetic Medication for Diabetes

At NBH Lifetime Heath Weight Loss & Hormone Clinics, we will work with you and your family provider to reduce dependence on diabetic drugs.

Type II Diabetes. Medicines within this category fall within one of several classes, including:

Alpha glucosidase inhibitors
Dipeptidyl peptidase inhibitors
Ergot alkaloids
Combination medications.

Metformin (Glucophage®, Glucophage XR®, Glumetza™, Riomet®, Fortamet®) is the only biguanide medication currently available.

Meglitinides include:

Repaglinide (Prandin®)
Nateglinide (Starlix®).

Specific types of these diabetic medications include:

Chlorpropamide (Diabinese®)
Glimepiride (Amaryl®)
Glipizide (Glucotrol®)
Glyburide (DiaBeta®, Micronase®, Glynase®)
Tolazamide (Tolinase®)
Tolbutamide (Orinase®).

Thiazolidinediones (Glitazones)

These diabetic medications include:

Pioglitazone (Actos®)
Rosiglitazone (Avandia®).

Alpha Glucosidase Inhibitors
These diabetic medications include:

Acarbose (Precose®)
Miglitol (Glyset®).

Dipeptidyl Peptidase Inhibitors
This is a relatively new class of medications and includes:

Sitagliptin (Januvia®)
Saxagliptin (Onglyza™).

Ergot Alkaloids
Only one ergot alkaloid is approved for treating type 2 diabetes — bromocriptine (Cycloset™). Only the Cycloset brand of bromocriptine is approved for this use (other forms are approved for different uses).

Combination Oral Diabetes Medications
There is a variety of combination drugs for diabetes available, including:

Glipizide and metformin (Metaglip®)
Glyburide and metformin (Glucovance®)
Pioglitazone and glimepiride (Duetact®)
Pioglitazone and metformin (Actoplus Met®)
Repaglinide and metformin (PrandiMet™)
Rosiglitazone and glimepiride (Avandaryl®)
Rosiglitazone and metformin (Avandamet®)
Sitagliptin and metformin (Janumet
There are five classes of insulin available as an injection:

Insulin lispro (Humalog®)
Insulin aspart (NovoLog®)

Humulin® R
Novolin® R

Humulin N
Novolin N

Insulin glargine (Lantus®)

Insulin lispro protamine/insulin lispro (Humalog® Mix50/50, Humalog® Mix75/25)
Insulin aspart protamine/insulin aspart (NovoLog® Mix 50/50, NovoLog® Mix 70/30)
NPH insulin/regular insulin (Humulin® 70/30, Novolin® 70/30).

Other Injectable Diabetes Medications
Besides insulin, there are two other types of injectable diabetes medications:

Incretin mimetics, including exenatide (Byetta®) and liraglutide (Victoza®)
Amylin analogues, including pramlintide acetate (Symlin®).

If you have any questions about diabetes or hormone replacement therapy austin, please email your question or questions to


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